Copyright & Credits

 

 

Acknowledgements

From the Author
It was a special pleasure to work with the staff at the Art Canada Institute. Warm thanks are due to Sara Angel and Anna Hudson for inviting me to write on Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald, an unsung hero of Canadian art. At the ACI, I would like to acknowledge those who made the writing and production of this book such a rewarding experience. Executive editor Kendra Ward handled gracefully the myriad details involving this publication; image research associate Emma Frank patiently sourced images, as did Marie van Zeyl for the print edition; layout director Simone Wharton and designer Rondie Li are responsible for the beautiful design of the book, and Emily Lawrence assisted in many ways. I would also like to thank the anonymous peer reviewer. An exceptional debt of gratitude goes to my substantive editor Lara Hinchberger who contributed her professional expertise and helpful ideas to this project. A huge note of thanks is due to Paul Sabourin who has generously supported both the digital and print versions of this book. He also kindly showed me his outstanding collection of Canadian art which includes a number of fine works by FitzGerald that appear in this publication.

I am very grateful to Andrew Kear, chief curator at the Winnipeg Art Gallery, who facilitated my research in many ways. I have also benefited from the enthusiasm and suggestions of Dr. Oliver A.I. Botar at the University of Manitoba. Brian Hubner and Linda Eddy kindly assisted me with access to the FitzGerald fonds at the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections, Winnipeg. At the Art Gallery of Ontario, I would like to thank Gregory Humeniuk and Brenda Rix for providing information and showing me works in their care. Amy Furness and Donald Rance were helpful beyond measure at the AGO’s E.P. Taylor Reference Library and Archives.

This book in its present form would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance I received some twenty-nine years ago when I was invited by former Winnipeg Art Gallery director Carol Phillips to curate In Seclusion with Nature, The Later Work of L. LeMoine FitzGerald 1942 to 1956. At that time it was my privilege to interview three people who knew the artist well: his former student Irene Heywood Hemsworth; patron and collector Dr. E.J. (Ted) Thomas; and FitzGerald’s son-in-law Hugh Morrison. Their generous sharing of their memories at that time remained a strong influence for me as I wrote the current text. While working on In Seclusion with Nature I also benefited greatly from the knowledge of Helen Coy, at that time curator of the FitzGerald Study Centre at the University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, and that of FitzGerald scholar Liz Wylie.

The following friends and colleagues supported my work on this book on both scholarly and logistical fronts: Ken Andrews, Alicia Boutilier, Kenlyn Collins, Charles Hill, Ihor Holubizky, Scott James, Donna Jones, Serena Keshavjee, Alan Loch, Peter Neary, Bronwen Quarry, Morley Shayuk, Sarah Stanners, Georgiana Uhlyarik, Jamie Wright, and Liz Wylie. I would also like to acknowledge Patricia and Earl Green, copyright holders of the FitzGerald estate, for their gracious permission to reproduce works by the artist.

Finally I thank my wife and fellow art historian, Barbara Butts, for her cogent suggestions that improved my manuscript and for her endless patience and willingness to discuss Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald with me.

 

From the Art Canada Institute
The Art Canada Institute gratefully acknowledges the generosity of The Sabourin Family Foundation, the Title Sponsor of this book.

The Art Canada Institute gratefully acknowledges its other sponsors for the 2017–18 Season: Aimia, Alexandra Bennett in memory of Jalynn Bennett, Consignor Canadian Fine Art, Kiki and Ian Delaney, Richard and Donna Ivey, the six children of Betty-Ann McNicoll-Elliott and R. Fraser Elliott, Sandra L. Simpson, and TD Bank Group.

We also sincerely thank the Founding Sponsor for the Art Canada Institute: BMO Financial Group; and the Art Canada Institute Founding Patrons: Jalynn H. Bennett, Butterfield Family Foundation, David and Vivian Campbell, Albert E. Cummings, Kiki and Ian Delaney, Jon S. and Lyne Dellandrea, the Fleck family, Roger and Kevin Garland, Gershon Iskowitz Foundation, Glorious & Free Foundation, The Scott Griffin Foundation, Michelle Koerner and Kevin Doyle, Jane Huh, Phil Lind, Sarah and Tom Milroy, Nancy McCain and Bill Morneau, Gerald Sheff and Shanitha Kachan, Sandra L. Simpson, Stephen Smart, Pam and Mike Stein, Nalini and Tim Stewart, Robin and David Young, Sara and Michael Angel; its Visionary Patrons: Connor, Clark & Lunn Foundation and Lawson Hunter; as well as its Founding Partner Patrons: The Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation and Partners in Art.

The ACI gratefully acknowledges the support and assistance of the Art Gallery of Hamilton (Christine Braun); Art Gallery of Ontario (Jill Offenbeck); Canada’s History magazine (Tanja Hutter); Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco (Sue Grinols); Heffel Fine Art Auction House; Heidelberg University Library; Hudson’s Bay Company Archives, Archives of Manitoba; Ingram Gallery (Tarah Aylward); McMichael Canadian Art Collection (Alexandra Cousins); National Gallery of Canada (Raven Amiro and Véronique Malouin); Philadelphia Museum of Art; School of Art Gallery; The Horta Museum (Christophe Malvoti); University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections (Natalie Vielfaure); University of Toronto Art Museum (Heather Pigat and Sydney Rose); University of Winnipeg (Donna Jones); Winnipeg Art Gallery (Nicole Fletcher); and Patricia and Earl Green.

 


 

Image Sources

Every effort has been made to secure permissions for all copyrighted material. The Art Canada Institute will gladly correct any errors or omissions.

 


 

Credits for Banner Images

 

Art Canada Institute, photograph of Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, 1946
Biography: Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald, 1946, University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections, Winnipeg, PC 241, Box 1, Fd. 1, (17-0130).
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Autumn Sonata, 1953–54
Key Works: Autumn Sonata, 1953–54. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Summer, East Kildonan, 1920
Significance & Critical Issues: Summer, East Kildonan, 1920. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Apples, Still Life, 19
Style & Technique: Apples, Still Life, 1933. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, The Pool, 1934
Sources & Resources: The Pool, 1934. (See below for details.)
Art Canada Institute, installation view of FitzGerald’s A Memorial Exhibition at the Winnipeg Art Gallery, February 23 to March 23, 1958
Where to See: Installation view of FitzGerald’s A Memorial Exhibition at the Winnipeg Art Gallery, February 23 to March 23, 1958. (See below for details.)

 

Credits for Works by Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald

 

Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Abstract, 1955
Abstract, 1955. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970 (70/46). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Abstract in Blue and Gold, 1954
Abstract in Blue and Gold, 1954. Collection of the Art Gallery of Hamilton, gift of the Volunteer Committee and the Muriel Baker Fund, 1990 (1990.2). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Abstract Landscape, 1942
Abstract Landscape, 1942. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970 (16473). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Apples in a Bowl, 1947
Apples in a Bowl, 1947. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, donated by the Women’s Committee, 1957 (G-57-152). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Leif Norman.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Apples, Still Life, 1933
Apples, Still Life, 1933. Private collection. © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Toni Hafkenscheid.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, April Rhythm, c. 1954
April Rhythm, c. 1954. Private collection. © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Toni Hafkenscheid.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Assiniboine River, 1931
Assiniboine River, 1931. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, gift from the Estate of Arnold O. Brigden (G-73-326). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Leif Norman.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, At Silver Heights, 1931
At Silver Heights, 1931. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, purchased 1981 (81/7). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Autumn Sonata, 1953–54
Autumn Sonata, 1953–54. Collection of the School of Art Gallery, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, gift of the Estate of Patricia Morrison and Victor Brooker, 1976 (76.158). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Backyards, Water Street, 1927, State III/VI
Backyards, Water Street, 1927, State III/VI. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970 (16284). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Backyards, Water Street, 1927, State VI/VI
Backyards, Water Street, 1927, State VI/VI. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased 1930 (3751). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, The Barn, c. 1930
The Barn, c. 1930. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, gift from the Estate of Arnold O. Brigden (G-73-327). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Big Tree, April 1950
Big Tree, April 1950. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased 1957 (6720). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Brazil, c. 1950–51
Brazil, c. 1950–51. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970 (16467). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Broken Tree in Landscape, 1931
Broken Tree in Landscape, 1931. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, gift of the Women’s Committee (G-56-29). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Ernest Mayer.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Bust of a Man, 1909
Bust of a Man, 1909. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection (G-70-96). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Leif Norman.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Composition No. 5, 1953
Composition No. 5, 1953. Private collection. © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Toni Hafkenscheid.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Cover of Catalogue of Paintings by L.L. FitzGerald, Winnipeg Art Gallery, Board of Trade Building, Sept. 10–27, 1921
Cover of Catalogue of Paintings by L.L. FitzGerald, Winnipeg Art Gallery, Board of Trade Building, Sept. 10–27, 1921. Collection of the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections, Winnipeg, A.09-16 MSS 287, Box 8, Fd. 1 (1-0234). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Cover image of The Beaver 5, no. 1, December 1924
Cover image of The Beaver 5, no. 1, December 1924. © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Courtesy of Canada’s History magazine (formerly The Beaver) and CanadasHistory.ca.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Doc Snyder’s House, 1931
Doc Snyder’s House, 1931. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift of P.D. Ross, Ottawa, 1932 (3993). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Driftwood, 1944
Driftwood, 1944. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970 (70/57). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Figure in the Woods, 1920
Figure in the Woods, 1920. Private collection. © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Courtesy of Heffel Fine Art Auction House.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Four Apples on Tablecloth, December 17, 1947
Four Apples on Tablecloth, December 17, 1947. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, on permanent loan from the Winnipeg School of Art, 1954 (L-47). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Leif Norman.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, From an Upstairs Window, Winter, c. 1950–51
From an Upstairs Window, Winter, c. 1950–51. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased, 1951 (5800). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Garage and House, 1928
Garage and House, 1928. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970 (16367). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Geranium and Bottle, 1949
Geranium and Bottle, 1949. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, on permanent loan from the Winnipeg School of Art, 1954 (L-9). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Geraniums on a window sill, photograph, 1943
Geraniums on a window sill, photograph, 1943. Collection of the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections, Winnipeg, PC 241, Box 2, Fd. 6 (17-0139). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Green Cup and Three Apples, 1949
Green Cup and Three Apples, 1949. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased 1950 (5593). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Harvest Season, c. 1935
Harvest Season, c. 1935. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, gift of C.C. Sinclair (G-65-175). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, The Harvester, c. 1921
The Harvester, c. 1921. Collection of the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection (1981.41.3). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Haystacks, 1934
Haystacks, 1934. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970 (70/40). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Jug on the Window Sill, c. 1943
Jug on the Window Sill, c. 1943. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, donated by the Women’s Committee, 1956 (G-56-27). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Landscape with Buildings, 1930
Landscape with Buildings, 1930. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970 (70/58). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Landscape with Trees, August 23, 1934
Landscape with Trees, August 23, 1934. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased 1939 (4513). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Late Fall, Manitoba, 1917
Late Fall, Manitoba, 1917. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased 1918 (1483). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, The Little Plant, 1947
The Little Plant, 1947. Collection of the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, Ontario, gift of Mr. R.A. Laidlaw, 1969 (1969.2.4). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Manitoba Landscape, 1941
Manitoba Landscape, 1941. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, gift of the Women’s Committee (G-57-144). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Motor in Canada, June 1917
Motor in Canada, June 1917. Collection of the School of Art Gallery, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg (FSC-1-0329). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Old House and Buildings, 1923, State III/VI
Old House and Buildings, 1923, State III/VI. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970 (16257). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Nude Reclining on Bed, 1928
Nude Reclining on Bed, 1928. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, gift of Mr. Edward FitzGerald (G-63-137). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Ernest Mayer.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Oakdale Place, c. 1950
Oakdale Place, c. 1950. Private collection. © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Toni Hafkenscheid.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Pepper's Farm, August 1934
Pepper's Farm, August 1934. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased 1939 (4515). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, The Pool, 1934
The Pool, 1934. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased, 1973 (17612). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Poplar Woods (Poplars), 1929
Poplar Woods (Poplars), 1929. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, acquired in memory of Mr. and Mrs. Arnold O. Brigden (G-75-66). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Ernest Mayer.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Potato Patch, Snowflake, 1925
Potato Patch, Snowflake, 1925. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, gift of Dr. Bernhard Fast (G-98-279). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Ernest Mayer.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, The Prairie, 1929
The Prairie, 1929. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, gift from the Estate of Arnold O. Brigden (G-73-332). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Leif Norman.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Prairie Fantasy, c. 1934
Prairie Fantasy, c. 1934. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased 1977 (18821). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Prairie Landscape, June 27, 1935
Prairie Landscape, June 27, 1935. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift of the Kudelka Family, 1990 (90/94). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Prairie Sky, c. 1929
Prairie Sky, c. 1929. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970 (16369). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Pritchard’s Fence, c. 1928
Pritchard’s Fence, c. 1928. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, bequest of Isabel E.G. Lyle, 1951 (51/19). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. © Art Gallery of Ontario.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Railway Bridge, 1915
Railway Bridge, 1915. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection (70/34). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Railway Station, c. 1931–32
Railway Station, c. 1931–32. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada Council Joint Drawings Purchase Fund, 1961 (61/13). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Red Nude, c. 1943–45
Red Nude, c. 1943–45. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery (G-73-65). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Leif Norman.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Rocks, 1944
Rocks, 1944. Private collection. © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Toni Hafkenscheid.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Scroll for Red River Chapter, Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire (I.O.D.E.), 1918
Scroll for Red River Chapter, Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire (I.O.D.E.), 1918. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, gift of the Red River Chapter of the I.O.D.E. (G-67-28). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Ernest Mayer.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Seated Man, 1909
Seated Man, 1909. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection (G-70-95). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Self-Portrait, c. 1945
Self-Portrait, c. 1945. Collection of the School of Art Gallery, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, gift of the Alumni Association of the University of Manitoba (77.433). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Self-Portrait (Bust), c. 1945
Self-Portrait (Bust), c. 1945. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, acquired with the assistance of the Women’s Committee and the Winnipeg Foundation, 1963 (G-63-25). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Shooting the Rapids, c. 1915
Shooting the Rapids, c. 1915. Collection of the School of Art Gallery, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg (FSC-1-0333). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Sir George Simpson, Governor of Rupert's Land on a Tour of Inspection, Hudson’s Bay Company Calendar, 1926
Sir George Simpson, Governor of Rupert's Land on a Tour of Inspection, Hudson’s Bay Company Calendar, 1926. Collection of the Hudson’s Bay Company Archives, Archives of Manitoba, Winnipeg (HBCA P-390). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Sketch for “Doc Snyder’s House” No. 1, c. 1928
Sketch for “Doc Snyder’s House” No. 1, c. 1928. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift of Mrs. Hugh Morrisson, Toronto (17093). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Still Life: Two Apples, c. 1940
Still Life: Two Apples, c. 1940. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, gift of the Women’s Committee (G-56-28). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Ernest Mayer.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Still Life with Hat, 1955
Still Life with Hat, 1955. Private collection. © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. As reproduced in Images: Contemporary Canadian Realism by Marci Lipman and Louise Lipman (Toronto: Lester & Orpen Dennys Limited, 1980). Photo credit: Tom Moore. 
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, A Street in Rouen, 1906
A Street in Rouen, 1906. Collection of the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections, Winnipeg, A.09-16 MSS 287, Box 3 (12-0021). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Study for Autumn Sonata, November 18, 1953
Study for Autumn Sonata, November 18, 1953. Collection of the School of Art Gallery, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, gift from Patricia Morrison Bequest, 1977 (FSC-11-0106). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Study for “Pritchard’s Fence,” c. 1928
Study for “Pritchard’s Fence, c. 1928. Collection of the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970 (70/55). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Study for Summer Afternoon, The Prairie, 1921
Study for Summer Afternoon, The Prairie, 1921. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, acquired with funds from The Winnipeg Foundation (90-540). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Sketchbook study for Woman with Camera Outdoors, c. 1917
Sketchbook study for Woman with Camera Outdoors, c. 1917. Collection of the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections, Winnipeg, Sketchbook 1917-18, A.09-16 MSS, Box 3, Fd. 8 1-0040(3). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Summer, 1931
Summer, 1931. Hart House Permanent Collection, University of Toronto, gift of the Graduating Year of 1933 (1933.003). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Summer Afternoon, The Prairie, 1921
Summer Afternoon, The Prairie, 1921. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery (L-90). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Ernest Mayer.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Summer, East Kildonan, 1920
Summer, East Kildonan, 1920. Private collection. © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. As reproduced in the exhibition catalogue Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald (1890-1956): The Development of an Artist (Winnipeg: Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1979). Photo credit: Michael Neill.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Three Apples and Flower Pot, c. 1938
Three Apples and Flower Pot, c. 1938. Private collection. © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Toni Hafkenscheid.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Transfer drawing for “Backyards, Water Street,” 1927
Transfer drawing for “Backyards, Water Street,” 1927. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970 (16769). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: NGC.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Tree (with Human Limbs), n.d
Tree (with Human Limbs), n.d. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection (G-70-92). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Ernest Mayer.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Trees and Stumps, June 12, 1935
Trees and Stumps, June 12, 1935. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970 (16296). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Untitled, c. 1936
Untitled, c. 1936. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, gift of Robert and Margaret Hucal (2009-424). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Leif Norman.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Untitled (Stooks and Trees), 1930
Untitled (Stooks and Trees), 1930. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, gift from the Estate of Florence Brigden (G-75-13). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, View of the Château Laurier, c. 1921
View of the Château Laurier, c. 1921. Private collection. © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Toni Hafkenscheid.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Williamson's Garage, 1927
Williamson's Garage, 1927. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased 1929 (3682). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: National Gallery of Canada.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Woman with Camera Outdoors, c. 1917
Woman with Camera Outdoors, c. 1917. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, gift from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970 (G-70-569). © With the permission of Patricia and Earl Green, co-holders of the FitzGerald copyright. Photo credit: Ernest Mayer.

 

Credits for Photographs and Works by Other Artists

 

Art Canada Institute, Augustus Vincent Tack, Allegory of Law, 1920
Allegory of Law, 1920, by Augustus Vincent Tack. Legislative Building, Winnipeg. Courtesy of Radharc Images / Alamy Stock Photo.
Art Canada Institute, Richard Parkes Bonington, A Street in Rouen
A Street in Rouen by Richard Parkes Bonington. Reproduced in The Studio: An Illustrated Magazine of Fine & Applied Art, 33 (November 1904), 98. Courtesy Heidelberg University Library.
Art Canada Institute, photograph of Belle Hicks and Lionel Henry FitzGerald, c. 1890
Belle Hicks and Lionel Henry FitzGerald, c. 1890. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery Library (PH 9.6.1).
Art Canada Institute, C. Keith Gebhardt, City Scene, Winnipeg, 1926
City Scene, Winnipeg, 1926, by C. Keith Gebhardt. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, gift of the artist (G-69-77).
Art Canada Institute, Alexander J. Musgrove, Country Elevator with Horses and Field of Hay, c. 1920–29
Country Elevator with Horses and Field of Hay, c. 1920–29, by Alexander J. Musgrove. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, gift of Robert and Margaret Hucal (2011-4). Photo credit: Ernest Mayer.
Art Canada Institute, Cover of Canadian Art 7, no. 4 (Summer 1950)
Cover of Canadian Art 7, no. 4 (Summer 1950).
Art Canada Institute, Cover of exhibition catalogue Beauty in a Common Thing: Drawings and Prints by L.L. FitzGerald (Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 2004)
Cover of exhibition catalogue Beauty in a Common Thing: Drawings and Prints by L.L. FitzGerald (Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 2004).
Art Canada Institute, Cover of exhibition catalogue In Seclusion with Nature: The Later Work of L. LeMoine FitzGerald, 1942 to 1956 (Winnipeg: Winnipeg Art Gallery 1988)
Cover of exhibition catalogue In Seclusion with Nature: The Later Work of L. LeMoine FitzGerald, 1942 to 1956 (Winnipeg: Winnipeg Art Gallery 1988).
Art Canada Institute, Cover of The Studio: An Illustrated Magazine of Fine & Applied Art 53, no. 219 (June 15, 1911)
Cover of The Studio: An Illustrated Magazine of Fine & Applied Art 53, no. 219 (June 15, 1911). Courtesy Heidelberg University Library.
Art Canada Institute, Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald, Cover of the Winnipeg Actimist (February 1945)
Cover of the Winnipeg Actimist (February 1945). Collection of the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections, Winnipeg, Box 2, Fd. 15 (6-0065(1)).
Art Canada Institute, photograph of Felicia (Vally) FitzGerald around the time she married LeMoine, c. 1912
Felicia (Vally) FitzGerald around the time she married LeMoine, c. 1912. Collection of the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections, Winnipeg, PC 241, Box 1, Fd. 3 (1-0277). Photo credit: Bob Talbot (FitzGerald Study Centre).
Art Canada Institute, Charles Demuth, From the Garden of the Chateau, 1921 (reworked 1925)
From the Garden of the Chateau, 1921 (reworked 1925), by Charles Demuth. Collection of the Fine Art Museums of San Francisco, museum purchase, Roscoe and Margaret Oakes Income Fund, Ednah Root, and the Walter H. and Phyllis J. Shorenstein Foundation Fund (1990.4).
Art Canada Institute, Paul Cézanne, The Gulf of Marseilles Seen from L’Estaque, c. 1885
The Gulf of Marseilles Seen from L’Estaque, c. 1885, by Paul Cézanne. H.O. Havemeyer Collection, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, bequest of Mrs. H. O. Havemeyer, 1929 (29.100.67).
Art Canada Institute, Victor Horta, The Hôtel Tassel, Brussels, 1893–96
The Hôtel Tassel, Brussels, 1893–96, by Victor Horta (1861–1947), the grand landing of the bel étage. Courtesy of the Horta Museum, Brussels.
Art Canada Institute, Installation view of the FitzGerald Memorial Exhibition at the Winnipeg Art Gallery, February 23 to March 23, 1958
Installation view of the FitzGerald Memorial Exhibition at the Winnipeg Art Gallery, February 23 to March 23, 1958. University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections, Winnipeg. Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald fonds, MSS 287 PC 241 (A.09-16) - Box 2, Fd. 17. 
Art Canada Institute, Installation of the Helen Birch Bartlett Memorial Collection, Art Institute of Chicago, 1926
Installation of the Helen Birch Bartlett Memorial Collection, Art Institute of Chicago, 1926.
Art Canada Institute, Caven Atkins, Landscape with River, Beausejour, Manitoba, 1937
Landscape with River, Beausejour, Manitoba, 1937, by Caven Atkins. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, purchased 1993 (36936). With the permission of Ingram Gallery, on behalf of the Estate of Caven Atkins. Photo: National Gallery of Canada.
Art Canada Institute, Krauss Studio, Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald at the age of twenty, 1910
Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald at the age of twenty, 1910. Photograph by Krauss Studio, Chicago. University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections, Winnipeg, A.09-16 PC 241 (1-0306).
Art Canada Institute, unknown photographer, Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald at the front gate of his home, 672 Sherbrook St., Winnipeg, c. 1905
Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald at the front gate of his home, 672 Sherbrook St., Winnipeg, c. 1905. Photographer unknown. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery Library (PH 9.2.6).
Art Canada Institute, photograph of Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald and Bertram Brooker, July 1936
Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald and Bertram Brooker, July 1936. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery Library, L.L. FitzGerald Holdings #1, (700-05).
Art Canada Institute, photograph of Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald and Vally in their dining room with friends, c. 1940
Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald and Vally in their dining room with friends, c. 1940. Collection of the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections, Winnipeg, PC 241, Box 1, Fd. 8 (17-0029). Photo credit: Bob Talbot (FitzGerald Study Centre).
Art Canada Institute, photograph of Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald carving Untitled oak sculpture, 1936
Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald carving Untitled oak sculpture, 1936. Collection of the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections, Winnipeg, PC 241, Box 1, Fd. 1 (17-0012).
Art Canada Institute, A.O. Brigden, Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald drawing at Silver Heights, August 23, 1934
Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald drawing at Silver Heights, August 23, 1934. Photograph by A.O. Brigden. Collection of the National Gallery of Canada Library and Archives, Ottawa.
Art Canada Institute, Bob Talbot, photograph of Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald in his living room, c. 1940
Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald in his living room, c. 1940. Photograph by Bob Talbot (FitzGerald Study Centre). Collection of the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections, Winnipeg, PC 241, Box 1, Fd. 8 (17-0029). 
Art Canada Institute, photograph of Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald in his office, c. 1939, with a book open to a reproduction of Paul Cézanne’s Portrait of Victor Chocquet, 1877
Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald in his office, c. 1939, with a book open to a reproduction of Paul Cézanne’s Portrait of Victor Chocquet, 1877. FitzGerald Study Centre, School of Art Gallery, University of Manitoba.  FSC17-0118. Gift of Earl and Patsy Green from the Estate of Patricia Morrison.
Art Canada Institute, photograph of Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald working from a portable sketching box at Silver Heights, August 23, 1934
Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald working from a portable sketching box at Silver Heights, August 23, 1934. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery Library, L.L. FitzGerald Holdings #1 (700-05).
Art Canada Institute, Charles Sheeler, New York, 1920
New York, 1920, by Charles Sheeler. Collection of the Art Institute of Chicago, Friends of American Art Collection (1922.5552). As reproduced in: Steven Spier, Urban Visions: Experiencing and Envisioning the City (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2002).
Art Canada Institute, Charles Comfort, Prairie Road, 1925
Prairie Road, 1925, by Charles Comfort. Hart House Permanent Collection, University of Toronto, donated by the Graduating Year of 1931 (1931.001). 
Art Canada Institute, Prang’s New Graded Course in Drawing for Canadian Schools, Book V
Prang’s New Graded Course in Drawing for Canadian Schools, Book V, Toronto: W.J. Gage and Company, Ltd., 1901. Collection of the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections, Winnipeg, A.09-16 MSS 287, Box 3, Fd. 5 (12-0679).
Art Canada Institute, Claude Monet, Railroad Bridge, Argenteuil, 1874
Railroad Bridge, Argenteuil, 1874, by Claude Monet. Collection of the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the John G. Johnson Collection (1050).
Art Canada Institute, Edvard Munch, Self-Portrait in Hell, 1903
Self-Portrait in Hell, 1903, by Edvard Munch. Collection of the Munch Museum, Oslo. Courtesy of Wikicommons.
Art Canada Institute, Frank H. Johnston, Serenity, Lake of the Woods, 1922
Serenity, Lake of the Woods, 1922, by Frank H. Johnston. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery (L-102). Photo credit: Ernest Mayer.
Art Canada Institute, Bertram Brooker, Shore Roots, 1936
Shore Roots, 1936, by Bertram Brooker. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, acquired with funds from The Winnipeg Foundation (G-74-4).
Art Canada Institute, C. Keith Gebhardt, St. Boniface, Manitoba, 1928
St. Boniface, Manitoba, 1928, by C. Keith Gebhardt. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, gift of the artist (G-69-71).
Art Canada Institute, T. Eaton Company Limited, Winnipeg, advertisement for Ansco Cameras
T. Eaton Company Limited, Winnipeg, advertisement for Ansco Cameras, University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections, Winnipeg, A.09-16 MSS 287, Box 3, Fd. 2 (1-0261).

 

Book Credits

 

Publisher

Sara Angel


Executive Editor

Kendra Ward


Web & Layout Director

Simone Wharton


Editor

Lara Hinchberger


Copy Editor

Heather Sangster/Strong Finish


Proofreader

Jonathan Schmidt


Translator

Christine Poulin


French Copy Editor and Proofreader

Annie Champagne


Image Research Associate

Emma Frank


Digital Image Specialist

Rachel Topham


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Rondie Li


English Layout Associate

Heather Pierce


French Layout Associate

Alicia Peres


Design Template

Studio Blackwell

 


 

Copyright

© 2017 Art Canada Institute. All rights reserved.
ISBN 978-1-4871-0146-6

Art Canada Institute
Massey College, University of Toronto
4 Devonshire Place
Toronto, ON M5S 2E1

 

Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication
 

Parke-Taylor, Michael, author
          Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald: life & work / Michael Parke-Taylor.

Includes bibliographical references.
Contents: Biography — Key works — Significance & critical issues — Style &
technique — Sources & resources — Where to see.

Issued in print and electronic formats.

ISBN 978-1-4871-0155-8 (hardcover).—ISBN 978-1-4871-0146-6 (HTML). —ISBN 978-1-4871-0147-3 (PDF). —ISBN 978-1-4871-0148-0 (mobile)

1. FitzGerald, Lionel LeMoine, 1890-1956. 2. FitzGerald, Lionel LeMoine, 1890–1956—Criticism and interpretation. 3. Painters—Canada—biography. 4. Biographies.  I. Art Canada Institute, issuing body  II. Title


ND249.F52P37 2017            759.11            C2017-905208-X            C2017-904232-7

 

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