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Sullivan rapidly gained recognition in Quebec, across Canada, and abroad. She has been widely written about and her own writings and the interviews she has given provide insight into her artistic process.

 

 

Key Exhibitions

Sullivan’s works have been exhibited in Canada, the United States, and Europe. This selection does not include myriad small shows she participated in during her career, nor the public presentations of her choreographies and performance art.

 

Proportio-3 (left) and Proportio-2 (right), photograph by Guy L’Heureux.
View of Proportio, an exhibition at Galerie Simon Blais, with the work Proportio-3 (left) and Proportio-2 (right), photograph by Guy L’Heureux.

 

 

Selected Group Exhibitions

 

1943

Les Sagittaires, Dominion Gallery, Montreal.

1963

Concours artistique de la Province de Québec, École des beaux-arts, Montreal.

1965

Confrontation ’65, Association des sculpteurs du Québec, Montreal.

1966

Salon de la jeune peinture, Musée Rodin, Paris.

1967

III Mostra Internazionale di Scultura, Pagani Foundation, Italy.

1970

Panorama de la sculpture au Québec, 1945–1970, Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal.

1972

Borduas et les Automatistes: 1942–1955, Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal et Grand Palais, Paris.

1976

Corridart, Sherbrooke Street, Montreal.

1977

Françoise Sullivan/David Moore, Véhicule Art, Montreal.

1978

Les Automatistes, Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal.

1980

La révolution Automatiste, Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal.

1992

La crise de l’abstraction au Canada: Les années 1950/The Crisis of Abstraction: The 1950s, Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City, and National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa.

1998

L’époque Automatiste, Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal.

Refus global (1948): Le manifeste du mouvement Automatiste, Canadian Cultural Centre, Paris.

1999

Déclics art et société: Le Québec des années 60 et 70, Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal.

2001

Corridart revisité: 25 ans plus tard/Corridart Revisited: 25 Years Later, Leonard & Bina Ellen Gallery, Concordia University, Montreal.

2002

Place à la magie: Les années 40, 50 et 60 au Québec, Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal.

2005

Les années 60 au Canada/The Sixties in Canada, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa.

2010

On Line: Drawing through the Twentieth Century, Museum of Modern Art, New York.

 

The Automatiste Revolution: Montreal, 1941–1960, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo.

2012

Trafic: L’art conceptuel au Canada, 1965–1980/Traffic Conceptual Art in Canada, 1965–1980, Leonard & Bina Ellen Gallery, Concordia University, Montreal.

 

 

Selected Solo Exhibitions

 

1964

Sculptures, Galerie du Siècle, Montreal.

1978

Danse dans la neige, Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal.

1981

Françoise Sullivan: Rétrospective, Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal.

1993

Françoise Sullivan, Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Quebec City.

2003

Françoise Sullivan (réstrospective), Musée des beaux-arts de Montréal.

2008

Françoise Sullivan, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto.

2016

Françoise Sullivan: Hommage à la peinture, Musée d’art contemporain de Baie-Saint-Paul, Quebec.

2017

Françoise Sullivan: Trajectoires resplendissantes, Galerie de l’UQAM, Montreal.

 

 

Selected Writings by the Artist

Françoise Sullivan, c. 1964, photograph by Photo Gaby.
Françoise Sullivan, c. 1964, photograph by Photo Gaby, archive of the artist.
Françoise Sullivan at the Venice Biennale, 1970. Photograph by Louis Comtois.
Françoise Sullivan at the Venice Biennale, 1970, photograph by Louis Comtois, archive of the artist.

Sullivan wrote periodically about the artistic developments that marked the twentieth century. Her texts reveal the influences that shaped her artistic practice and provide insight into her process.

 

“La peinture féminine.” Le Quartier Latin, November 17, 1943, viii.

 

“La danse et l’espoir.” In Refus global, edited by Paul-Émile Borduas et al., n.p. Saint-Hilaire: Éditions Myrtha Mythe, 1948.

 

“Sans titre.” In Françoise Sullivan/David Moore, n.p. Montreal, Véhicule Art, 1977.

 

“Je précise.” In Danse dans la neige, n.p. Montreal: Image Ouareau, 1977.

 

“Dance and Hope.” In Paul-Émile Borduas et al., Total Refusal: The Complete 1948 Manifesto of the Montreal Automatists, translated and introduced by Ray Ellenwood. Toronto: Exile Editions, 1985.

 

“La place de l’œuvre d’art.” In “1948 Refus global: 1998 Refus Total.” L’action nationale 88, no. 7 (1998): 62–63.

 

“Salut Zarathoustra.” Liberté 43, no. 254 (2001): 164–67.

 

 

Talks by the Artist

1975: “Minimalisme,” conference presented at Université du Québec à Montréal.

“L’art conceptuel,” conference presented at Université du Québec à Montréal.

 

1993: “Untitled,” conference presented in the context of the exhibition The Crisis of Abstraction in Canada: The 1950s, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa.

 

2004: “Goodbye Monsieur Duchamp,” conference at the Royal Society of Canada, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa.

 

 

Selected Critical Writings on the Artist’s Work

As Sullivan’s recognition as an important Canadian artist continues to grow, so does the breadth of scholarship and the number of critical reviews interpreting and documenting her work.

 

Poster for the performance And the Night to the Night (Et la nuit à la nuit) by Françoise Sullivan’s dance group, 1981.
Poster for the performance And the Night to the Night (Et la nuit à la nuit) by Françoise Sullivan’s dance group, 1981, Dance Collection Danse Archive, Toronto. 

Allaire, Serge. Françoise Sullivan: Paintings 2007. Montreal: Éditions Simon Blais, 2008.

 

Aquin, Stéphane. Françoise Sullivan. Exhibition catalogue, Musée des beaux-arts de Montréal. Montreal: Éditions Parachute, 2003.

 

Arbour, Rose-Marie. “Nouvelles pratiques sculpturales: Yvette Bisson, Françoise Sullivan.” Espace: Art actuel, no. 25 (1993): 17–21.

 

Bénichou, Anne. “Reperformance and Transhistoricity: The Danse[s] dans la neige by Françoise Sullivan and by Luis Jacob.” Performance Research 21, no. 5 (2016): 21–34.

 

Bradley, Paul (dir.). Françoise Sullivan—Hommage à la peinture. Baie-Saint-Paul, QC: Musée d’art contemporain de Baie-Saint-Paul, 2016.

 

Côté, Mario. “Recréer Danse dans la neige/Re-creating Danse dans la neige.” Ciel variable, no. 86 (2010): 32–39.

 

Daigneault, Gilles. “Sullivan Danse Dessin.” Liberté 43, no. 4 (2001): 115–18.

 

Déry, Louise. Françoise Sullivan. Exhibition catalogue. Quebec City: Musée du Québec, 1993.

 

———. Les saisons Sullivan/The Seasons of Sullivan. Montreal: Galerie de l’UQAM, 2010.

 

———, Radiant Trajectories/Trajectoires resplendissantes. Exhibition catalogue. Montreal: Galerie de l’UQAM, 2017.

 

Gosselin, Claude. Françoise Sullivan: Rétrospective. Exhibition catalogue. Montreal: Musée d’art contemporain, 1981.

 

———. “Le Cycle Crétois de Françoise Sullivan.” Vie des Arts 29, no. 118 (1985): 34–35.

 

Lehmann, Henry. “Françoise Sullivan.” Vie des Arts 20, no. 78 (Spring 1975): 28–29.

 

Lindgren, Allana. From Automatism to Modern Dance: Françoise Sullivan with Franziska Boas in New York. Toronto: Dance Collection Danse Press/es, 2003.

 

———. “Rethinking Automatist Interdisciplinarity: The Relationship between Dance and Music in the Early Choreographic Works of Jeanne Renaud and Françoise Sullivan, 1948–1950.” Circuit: Musiques contemporaines 21, no. 3 (2011): 39–53.

 

Lungu, Florentina. “L’oeuvre de Françoise Sullivan sous le signe de l’archétype.” ETC, no. 64 (2003–04): 34–37.

 

Rannou, Pierre. “Les promenades de Françoise Sullivan.” Esse, no. 54 (Spring/Summer 2005): 26-31.

 

Saint-Gelais, Thérèse. “Françoise Sullivan.” Protée 26, no. 3 (1998): 65–67.

 

 

Key Interviews with the Artist

Françoise Sullivan and her sons, c. mid-1960s. Photograph by Paterson Ewen.
Françoise Sullivan with her sons, c. mid-1960s, photograph by Paterson Ewen, archive of the artist.

Biron, Normand. “Françoise Sullivan et les rythmes profonds de la nature.” Vie des Arts 32, no. 127 (June 1987): 59 and 75.

 

Blois, Michel, and Alexandre Motulsky-Falardeau. “Quand la peinture et la danse ne font qu’une.” Être artiste: Entretiens avec Madeleine Arbour, Francine Simonin, Paul Lacroix, Jean-Pierre Morin, Michel Goulet, Françoise Sullivan, René Derouin et Marcel Barbeau, 64–69. Quebec City: L’Instant même, 2015.

 

Enright, Robert. “A Woman for All Seasons: An Interview with Françoise Sullivan.” Border Crossings 27, no. 2 (June 2008): 48–61.

 

Lasnier, Michelle. “Les femmes peintres du Québec.” Châtelaine, October 1962, 102.

 

Toupin, Gilles. “La nostalgie de l’art.” La Presse (Montreal), January 13, 1973, D-14.

 

Tsanaktsis, Rena. “Unique Gestures in Time.” Bulletin de l’Institut Simone de Beauvoir 14 (1994): 11–12.

 

 

Audio

Art Gallery of Ontario. “Françoise Sullivan in Conversation with Robert Enright.” Art Matter Blog, March 18, 2010, online resource, http://artmatters.ca/wp/2010/03/francoise-sullivan-in-conversation-with-robert-enright-audio/.

 

MoMA Multimedia. “Françoise Sullivan, Danse dans la neige (Dancing in the Snow).” No. 1–17, 1948, 2010, online audio archive, http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/244/2442.

 

CBC Player. “Françoise Sullivan: Her Art and the Music She Loves.” January 7, 2017, online audio archive.

 

CBC Listen. “At 93, Pioneering Avant-Garde Artist Françoise Sullivan Paints Every Day and Lives in the Present.” February 12, 2017, online audio archive, http://www.cbc.ca/listen/shows/sunday-edition/segment/11646868.

 

 

Video

Art Gallery of Ontario. “Françoise Sullivan on Danse dans la neige,” Prizewinning Art by Françoise Sullivan, 2010, online resource, http://www.ago.net/prizewinning-art-by-francoise-sullivan.

 

Centre for Contemporary Canadian Art. “Les Automatistes.” Video Portraits, Françoise Sullivan, 2008, online resource, http://ccca.concordia.ca/videoportrait/english/fs_automatistes.html.

 

———. “Beaux-arts.” Video Portraits, Françoise Sullivan, 2008, online resource, http://ccca.concordia.ca/videoportrait/english/fs_beauxArts.html.

 

———. “Danse dans la neige.” Video Portraits, Françoise Sullivan, 2008, online resource, http://ccca.concordia.ca/videoportrait/english/fs_danse.html.

 

———. “Dance.” Video Portraits, Françoise Sullivan, 2008, online resource, http://ccca.concordia.ca/videoportrait/english/fs_dance.html.

 

———. “Process.” Video Portraits, Françoise Sullivan, 2008, online resource, http://ccca.concordia.ca/videoportrait/english/fs_process.html.

 

———. “Homage.” Video Portraits, Françoise Sullivan, 2008, online resource, http://ccca.concordia.ca/videoportrait/english/fs_homage.html.

 

La Fabrique Culturelle. “Françoise Sullivan: L’art avec un grand A,” Arts Visuels et numériques, 2016, online resource, http://www.lafabriqueculturelle.tv/capsules/7970/francoise-sullivan-l-art-avec-un-grand-a.

 

———. “Une artiste, une oeuvre: Françoise Sullivan.” Arts Visuels et numériques, 2016, online resource, http://www.lafabriqueculturelle.tv/capsules/7672/un-artiste-une-oeuvre-francoise-sullivan.

 

 

Further Reading

Arbour, Rose-Marie. “Identification de l’avant-garde et identité de l’artiste: Les femmes et le groupe automatiste au Québec (1941–1948).” RACAR 21, 1–2 (1994): 7–21.

 

Cover of the catalogue for the exhibition Françoise Sullivan: Trajectoires resplendissantes, 2017.
Cover of the catalogue for the exhibition Françoise Sullivan: Trajectoires resplendissantes, 2017, Galerie de l’UQAM.

Couture, Francine. Les arts visuels au Québec dans les années soixantes, Tome II: L’Éclatement du modernisme. Montreal: VLB Éditeur, 1997.

 

Ellenwood, Ray. Egregore: The Montréal Automatist Movement. Toronto: Exile Editions, 1992.

 

Lapointe, Gilles. La comète automatiste. Montreal: Fides, 2008.

 

Linteau, Paul-André. Histoire du Québec contemporain: Le Québec depuis 1930. Montreal: Boréal, 1986.

 

Smart, Patricia. Les femmes du Refus Global. Montreal: Boréal, 1998.

 

Tembeck, Iro. Danser à Montréal: Germination d’une histoire chorégraphique. Sillery, QC: Les Presses de l’Université du Québec, 1991.

 

Vigneault, Louise. Identité et modernité dans l’art au Québec: Borduas, Sullivan, Riopelle. Montreal: Éditions Hurtubise HMH, 2002.

 

 

 

 

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